A List Of Perennials
To Get Your Garden Started!
When you're planning your garden, this list of
perennials should help you to see whether that plant you're
contemplating will stay around more than a year or two.
Perennials give a consistent look to your garden and are commonly used as a starting point when planning front yard edible landscapes. Plant your perennials first, then add in edible annuals to add lushness while your perennial plants are becoming established.
Feel free to print this out and use it to create your personal "edible garden wish list".
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List of perennials, A through M
Jump to N through Z
- Allium tricoccum: commonly known as ramps, spring onion, ramson, wild leek, or ail des bois
- Avocado (Persea americana)
- Barrel cactus - edible flowers, buds, and fruit
- Basil, many varieties: African Blue (Ocimum
kilimandscharicum × basilicum 'Dark Opal'), East Indian, holy basil
- Black cherry (Prunus serotina)
- Broccoli, many varieties (Nine Star)
- Chestnut (Castanea sativa) -- also called sweet chestnut or marron
- Chokeberries (Aronia species)
- Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana)
- Common sorrel (Rumex acetosa) -- also called sorrel, garden sorrel, spinach dock or narrow-leaved dock
- Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) -- Also known as the European Cornel
- Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
- Eggplant (Solanum melongena) -- frost-tender
- Feijoa (Acca sellowiana) -- Also known as Pineapple Guava or Guavasteen
- Ginkgo biloba -- nuts only; leaves are used medicinally. Allergic reactions reported, eat nuts in moderation.
- Ground Nut (Apios americana)
- Hawthorn (Cratagus species)
- Hazel nut (Corylus americana, C. cornuta, C. avellana)
- Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
- Hosta -- taste before buying, some taste much better than others.
- Japanese wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
- Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) -- Also called sunroot, sunchoke, or earth apple
- Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) -- many cultivars are biennial
- Konjac (Amorphophallus konjac)
- Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.), also sometimes known as Allium porrum)
- Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)
- Malabar spinach (Basella alba) -- Also known as Ceylon spinach, Red vine spinach, Climbing spinach
List of perennials, N through Z
- Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
- New Zealand Spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides)
- Night-blooming cereus (Hylocereus) - also known as dragonfruit
- Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
- Onions -- many varieties are perennials: Potato onions, Shallots, Egyptian onions, Japanese bunching onions, Welsh onions, Chinese leeks
- Orchid cactus (Epiphyllum species) - edible fruit
- Organ pipe cactus (Stenocereus thurberi) - edible fruit
- Peppers (Capsicum annuum) -- chilis, bell peppers, sweet peppers
Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus repandus)
- Pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica) -- also called fire cherry
- Piper nigrum (black pepper)
- Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
- Prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) - fruit, pads, and flowers are edible
- Radicchio (Cichorium intybus) -- Also known as Italian Chicory
- Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus)
(Carnegiea gigantea) - has edible fruit
- Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
- Siberian peashrub (Caragana arborescens)
- Sissoo Spinach (Alternanthera)
- Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp.) -- otherwise known as Juneberry
- Star Apple (Chrysophyllum cainito) -- also
called cainito, caimito, golden leaf tree, abiaba, pomme du lait,
estrella, milk fruit and aguay.
- Starfruit (Averrhoa carambola) -- also called Carambola
- Stonecrop (Sedum species) - used in salads and are said to have a sour or peppery
taste. Eat these sparingly; some can cause indigestion if eaten in large
- Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo)
- Strawberry Tree (Muntinga calabura) -- Also known as Jamaican cherry, Panama berry, Singapore cherry
- Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)
- Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)
- Taro (Colocasia esculenta) -- Also called Elephant Ear and Eddoe. The lookalike Caladium is poisonous
- Tree sorrel (Averrhoa bilimbi) -- also called bilimbi or cucumber tree
- Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) -- Mostly used as a medicinal herb tea
- Water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis)
- Wineberry (Aristotelia serrata) -- Also known as Makomako, native to New Zealand
- White Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
Jump back up to A through M
Hopefully, this list of perennials has inspired some
new ways of thinking about your edible garden ... it's much more than
tomatoes and corn!
I update this page regularly as I find new
edible perennials for you -- check back soon, or subscribe to my blog
feed (click the orange RSS button to your left) to be notified of major
Creating your own edible yard? If you'd like to talk more about this list of perennials with a group of people who love edible landscaping as much as you do, join the Tasteful Landscape community.
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