How To Select Perennial Garden Plants for Your Edible Landscaping
Professional landscapers love perennial garden plants.
once established, perennial garden plants (defined as those plants that
normally live more than two years) give a consistent look to the
landscape year after year, and are generally easy to care for. They will
become the foundation of your edible landscape design.
Are you looking for a list of perennials? Click here.
Let's look at some guidelines for landscaping with these beautiful, tasty plants:
- Choose perennial plants that look good all year round to form the major elements in your design (for example, an edible evergreen like rosemary).
sure the perennials you choose are well-suited to your area, the part
of the yard they are in, and the climate.
It's tempting to pick
something out of a garden center display or a catalog on a whim, but do
your research first to make sure this is a plant you can live with.
taller perennial plants as the centerpiece of circular displays, in between
windows, or at the corners of buildings -- but keep large bushes and
trees away from foundations, paths, and underground/aboveground lines.
Remember, with most trees and bushes, roots go down and out as far as the branches go up and out!
low perennials are good along stairways, pathways, and as ground cover.
Using perennial garden plants this way cuts down on weed issues and
gives a soft pleasant look to areas which are often boring.
Look and Feel
- When looking at a perennial plant, think about its leaves. Will the leaf colors and patterns fit into your design?
that change color with the seasons are especially nice ... think about
your yearly decorations (don't forget the holidays!) and choose plants
that flower, bear fruit, have brilliant fall foliage, or bright winter
berries at the times you want.
perennial plants with long blooming seasons (like lavender) to provide a base
color over several months, adjusting your palette as needed with
putting perennials together that bloom at different times of the year
can provide a carefree, constantly-changing color scheme as the months go by.
Tip: Make plants with especially bright foliage or very large flowers a focal point in your garden.
a plant, a color, or a flower shape can unify the garden. Often
designers will limit the number of colors in a garden, or stick to one
area of the color wheel, in order to bring the overall picture together.
- If there is a lovely tree, mountain, or lake over the
fence or off in the distance, choose perennial plants to frame and complement the
If you like a plant but
want a different color, check around! Often there will be a variety that
has been bred for the color you want.
Care and Maintenance
your new perennial garden plants lots of tender loving care when they are first
becoming established, over the first six weeks or so. Check on your
babies and water them daily until they're sending up new leaves, then at
least every few days until you're sure they've adjusted to their new
crowd perennial plants in more closely than the recommended spacings. Plants need
plenty of air circulation around them to prevent diseases. While it will
look barren at first, your landscape will fill in over time.
you plant something, and a year or so later, you don't like it, most
perennials don't mind being dug up and moved. So don't stress about your
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What would you like to read next? Here are some more pages about perennials:
List of perennials - Perennial garden plans
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